Cameo Augustus as Apollo

P3215420 (FILEminimizer)Octavian, Augustus Caesar, had a private cult of Apollo, which meant a few privileged persons could have in their possession a piece of jewelry like this, no doubt a mark of prestige, showing a certain level of trust, for the emperor was not deified until after his death, and so wouldn’t be fit for public display featuring as the Sun God.

The Greek idea of allegory referred to a public domain; in the agora the rhetorical apparatus was deployed to address a quality difficult to discern by gazing directly at the physical person; and so, in plastic arts allegory became an extension of simile, where the use of “like” would seem very appropriate.

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In the Middle Ages the scholastic grab bag allowed an indiscriminate use of logical and rhetorical; for example, the Catholic church could be treated as body with its own head, and Jesus was the King of Heaven. Without this new dimension in allegorical thinking, its inclusion in the Medieval bestiary, where the state is often represented as animal, the later statement of Louis XIV, I am the state  wouldn’t be possible.

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The modernity chose not to confront the language of religion but to further inflate it: this is why there were personifications of genres of poetry, seasons, hours of the day and the continents. We could say that the XVII century allegory competed with religion, while the XVIII century allegory effectively replaced it.

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About versaillesgossip, before and after Francis Ponge

The author of the blogs Versailles Gossip and Before and After Francis Ponge, Vadim Bystritski lives and teaches in Brest France. The the three main themes of his literary endeavours are humor, the French Prose Poetry, the French XVII and XVIII Century Art and History. His writings and occasionally art has been published in a number of ezines (Eratio, Out of Nothing, Scars TV, etc). He also contributes to Pinterest where he comments on the artifiacts from the Louvre and other collections. Some of his shorter texts are in Spanish, Russian and French.
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